History and Cultural Studies
One of Montessori’s main objectives is to develop a global perspective. The study of history and world cultures forms the cornerstone of the curriculum.
Physical geography begins in the elementary program with the study of the formation of the Earth, the emergence of the oceans and atmosphere, and the evolution of life. Students learn about the world’s rivers, lakes, deserts, mountain ranges, and natural resources. Elementary children study customs, housing, diet, government, industry, arts, history, and dress of countries around the world. They also study the emergence of early civilization, and American history.
The elementary program teaches history through hands-on experiences. Students build shelters, cook over a wood fire, hike, work with map and compass, and camp out. They build models of ancient structures, prepare their own manuscripts, and create everyday artifacts from the past.
Practical economics is another important element in the elementary Montessori curriculum. Pupils learn how to compare prices against value, compute costs, and maintain a checkbook. They study the working of the local, state and federal governments and begin to follow current events.